I believe that alcoholism is a symptom of a certain flavor of narcissism. It’s also true that substance abuse will stunt emotional growth and integration, so it helps to support the narcissism from softening. It’s a self-reinforcing loop, one of many kinds.

An engineer-psychologist focused on machine intelligence. I write from my own experience to support others in living more fulfilling lives | duncanriach.com

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store